Patient Care Services

Emergency Medical Technician and Paramedic

Assess injuries, administer emergency medical care, and extricate trapped individuals. Transport injured or sick persons to medical facilities.

Typical Tasks:

  • Administer first aid treatment or life support care to sick or injured persons in prehospital settings.
  • Perform emergency diagnostic and treatment procedures, such as stomach suction, airway management, or heart monitoring, during ambulance ride.
  • Observe, record, and report to physician the patient’s condition or injury, the treatment provided, and reactions to drugs or treatment.
  • Immobilize patient for placement on stretcher and ambulance transport, using backboard or other spinal immobilization device.
  • Maintain vehicles and medical and communication equipment and replenish first aid equipment and supplies.
  • Assess nature and extent of illness or injury to establish and prioritize medical procedures.
  • Communicate with dispatchers or treatment center personnel to provide information about situation, to arrange reception of victims, or to receive instructions for further treatment.
  • Comfort and reassure patients.
  • Operate equipment, such as electrocardiograms (EKGs), external defibrillators, or bag valve mask resuscitators, in advanced life support environments.
  • Decontaminate ambulance interior following treatment of patient with infectious disease and report case to proper authorities.

Home Health Aide

Provide routine individualized healthcare such as changing bandages and dressing wounds, and applying topical medications to the elderly, convalescents, or persons with disabilities at the patient’s home or in a care facility. Monitor or report changes in health status. May also provide personal care such as bathing, dressing, and grooming of patient.

Typical Tasks:

  • Maintain records of patient care, condition, progress, or problems to report and discuss observations with supervisor or case manager.
  • Administer prescribed oral medications, under the written direction of physician or as directed by home care nurse or aide, and ensure patients take their medicine.
  • Check patients’ pulse, temperature, and respiration.
  • Provide patients with help moving in and out of beds, baths, wheelchairs, or automobiles and with dressing and grooming.
  • Care for patients by changing bed linens, washing and ironing laundry, cleaning, or assisting with their personal care.
  • Plan, purchase, prepare, or serve meals to patients or other family members, according to prescribed diets.
  • Accompany clients to doctors’ offices or on other trips outside the home, providing transportation, assistance, and companionship.
  • Direct patients in simple prescribed exercises or in the use of braces or artificial limbs.
  • Provide patients and families with emotional support and instruction in areas such as caring for infants, preparing healthy meals, living independently, or adapting to disability or illness.
  • Entertain, converse with, or read aloud to patients to keep them mentally healthy and alert.

Medication Aide

Maintain patient care records including reporting changes of individuals’ conditions. Store, distribute, administer, and discontinue medication.

Patient Care Technician

Assist physicians, nurses, and other medical staff in caring for patients.

Typical Tasks:

  • Prepare, update and disseminates unit reports, physician orders and patient records.
  • Provide basic therapeutic services under direction of nursing staff.
  • Provide basic patient care under direction of nursing staff.
  • Support the administrative and clinical operations of the practice.


Collect blood, urine, and other samples, appropriately packaging them, and preparing them to be sent for off-site or on-site analysis.

Typical Tasks:

  • Prepare and process blood tests.
  • Draw blood from patients or blood donors for medical testing.

Renal Dialysis Technician

Assist patients in need of dialysis procedures; these patients often have failing kidneys and/or kidney diseases and need their blood cleaned because their body cannot do it for them.

Typical Tasks:

  • Monitor dialysis procedure to ensure patient safety and that equipment is operating properly.
  • Prepare patients physically for dialysis and explain dialysis equipment and procedures.
  • Operate dialysis machines to treat patients who have kidney or renal failure.

Surgical Technologist

Assist in operations, under the supervision of surgeons, registered nurses, or other surgical personnel. May help set up operating room, prepare and transport patients for surgery, adjust lights and equipment, pass instruments and other supplies to surgeons and surgeon’s assistants, hold retractors, cut sutures, and help count sponges, needles, supplies, and instruments.

Typical Tasks:

  • Count sponges, needles, and instruments before and after operation.
  • Maintain a proper sterile field during surgical procedures.
  • Hand instruments and supplies to surgeons and surgeons’ assistants, hold retractors and cut sutures, and perform other tasks as directed by surgeon during operation.
  • Prepare patients for surgery, including positioning patients on the operating table and covering them with sterile surgical drapes to prevent exposure.
  • Scrub arms and hands and assist the surgical team to scrub and put on gloves, masks, and surgical clothing.
  • Wash and sterilize equipment, using germicides and sterilizers.
  • Monitor and continually assess operating room conditions, including patient and surgical team needs.
  • Prepare dressings or bandages and apply or assist with their application following surgery.
  • Clean and restock operating room, gathering and placing equipment and supplies and arranging instruments according to instructions, such as a preference card.
  • Operate, assemble, adjust, or monitor sterilizers, lights, suction machines, or diagnostic equipment to ensure proper operation.
Description 2017 Jobs 2027 Jobs
Low Pay
Medium Pay
High Pay
Emergency Medical Technician or Paramedic 3,999 5,025 $24,214 $32,631 $48,685
Home Healthcare Aide 9,695 15,997 $15,995 $18,990 $24,608
Medication Aide $18,720 $22,880 $29,120
Patient Care Technician 55,134 62,443 $19,335 $32,374 $56,068
Phlebotomist Technician $20,800 $27,040 $37,440
Renal Dialysis Technician 3,240 4,014 $43,587 $61,748 $81,383
Surgical Technician 3,105 3,727 $34,759 $48,650 $65,256

Education Level:

  • Emergency Medical Technician or Paramedic – Associate Degree / Certificate
  • Home Healthcare Aide – Certificate / High School or less
  • Medication Aide – Certificate
  • Patient Care Technician – Certificate / High School or less
  • Phlebotomist Technician – Certificate
  • Renal Dialysis Technician – Associate Degree /Certificate
  • Surgical Technician – Associate Degree
Source: Career Coach – Houston – Woodlands – Sugarland, TX Region and PayScale

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