Welders use hand-welding or flame-cutting equipment to weld or join metal components or to fill holes, indentations, or seams of fabricated metal products. The process of welding uses either electricity or various gasses to create high temperatures that bond metals. Welders may also be required to flame cut or cold cut metal based on blueprints and/or isometric drawings to construct new pipe or structural steel systems for process systems and unit infrastructure components. Flame cutting may also be required for equipment demo prior to new construction of new equipment. The skill level varies between different types of welding depending on the metallurgy and process required to complete a reliable weld.

Description 2014 Jobs 2018 Jobs
Median Pay
Low Pay
High Pay
Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 16,812 18,392 $18.65 $12.34 $31.02
Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,461 1,738 $18.16 $12.61 $26.94

*Jobs for recently announced petrochemical projects not yet included. Source: QCEW (Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages) Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed & Extended Proprietors – EMSI 2014.3 Class of Worker BETA. Job and wage information drawn from counties touching a 100-mile radius of Baytown, Texas.

Programs of Study

  • Associate of Applied Science, Welding Technology – WE2
  • Certificate of Completion, Welding Technology – WE1
  • Certificate of Completion, Welding Inspection Technology – WI1

General Requirements

Post-secondary vocational training: Occupations at this level generally require completion of vocational school training. Some programs last only a few weeks while others may last more than a year. In some occupations, a license is needed that requires passing an examination after completion of the training. (Source: Texas Workforce Commission)